Very soon the villages :Grzybowice, Rokitnica, Makoszowy
and Poręba were founded.
Today they also exist as districts of Zabrze.
The town stayed rural for ages but then
in XIX and XX century, because of rapid coal industry
development, Zabrze changed its image. When the
Donnersmarcks became the owners of Zabrze, the city
changed from rural to industrial.
They built the industrial plants -the
coal mines “Guido” and “the Queen Luiza”, which still
exist as the most important sights in Zabrze. These
objects are unique not only in Poland but in Europe as
well, because in Guido you can go down at the level of
320 m and Queen Luiza is getting ready to allow tourists
go along the zabrski road of the Główna Kluczowa
Sztolnia Dziedziczna, which connected Chorzów and Zabrze
through ¦więtochłowice and Ruda ¦l±ska, for a distance
of 14 km.
Zabrze does not only relies on tourism,
it also excels in modern cardiac surgery. Zabrze also
relies on sport, especially football. The football club
called “Górnik Zabrze is one of the most recognizable
clubs in Poland.
There is a beautiful rosarium in the city
Since 1915 till 1945 Zabrze was called
Hindenburg O.S. (Oberschlesien) in honor of the
field-marshal Paul von Hinderburg- Tannenberg battle’s
winner.(till 1945 the city was a part of Germany)
In 1922 Zabrze received civic rights.
Although, Zabrze was called the biggest village in
Europe, it was in effect growing rapidly industrial
Elaborated by Monika Kassner
Based on: Jolanta Zalewska: Historia