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··· Katowice  – the city of  Wojciech Korfanty   

··· The giving  name school celebration

Our patron - Wojciech Korfanty

Wojciech Korfanty - the  son of a coal miner was born in 1873 in Sadzawka (today it is called- Siemanowice Śląskie). He was a politician, a journalist and a defender of Polish Upper Silesia. He fought against the policy of Germanisation in Upper Silesia to protect Poles from discrimination. Following the curriculum objectives of the National Democracy Korfanty proclaimed the slogans  of inseparable union between Uppersilesians and the Polish nation, he demanded the Polish national equality. He  declared himself definitely as an opponent of socialism, advocated for the improvement of the material condition of the workers and democratization of the Prussian state.

In 1901 he became a chief editor of “Górnoślązak” (“The Upper Silesian) in Katowice. Between 1903-1912 and in 1918 he was the deputy in the German Reichstag and in the Prussian Landtag (1903-1918).

On 25th 1918 Korfanty performed in the Reichstag with a speech in which he demanded  all the provinces, previously taken after the Prussian partition (Royal Prussia, the city Danzig (Gdańsk), the province of Posen, the part of the Ducal Prussian and Upper and Middle Silesia) to be included in the Polish state.

After the World War I Korfanty became a member of the Supreme People’s Council (Naczelna Rada Ludowa) in Posen (Poznań).

In January 1920 Wojciech Korfanty was nominated plebiscite committee in Upper Silesia by the Polish government. He was the one who directed  whole organizational, informative and political arrangements.

Korfanty was the opponent of the policy of the fait accompli and the armed decision and as being the leader of the Third  Silesian Uprising, after the first military success, Korfanty announced  the suspension of hostilities and ordered to wait for the decision of the  Ententa countries.

 Between 1922-1930 he was a member of  Sejm (Polish parliament) and he was a representative of the Christians Democrats (ChD). From October till December 1922 he was the vice Prime Minister in Wincenty Witos’ government and his adviser from the ChD organization. Since 1924 he became a publisher  of journals  “Rzeczpospolita”  and “Polonia”.  He was a pronounced  opponent of Józef Piłsudzki. After the victory of the reform (sanacja) then he became the object of its attacks. 

In 1930 Korfanty was arrested together with the other centre-left-wing deputies and imprisoned  in the Brest fortress. In April 1935 he emigrated to Czechoslovakia.  There in 1936 he took part in the political conversations of the “Morges Front” group together with Ignacy Paderewski, Józef Haller and Wincenty Witos. He was one of the founders and the president of the Labour Party, which came into existence because of the union between Chadecja and the National Working Party, in 1937. Then after the German annexation he left Czechoslovakia and moved to France but he returned secretly to the country because of the threat of war. In April 1939 he was arrested on the basis of sanctions prosecution. After three months he was released because of the serious disease and he died soon (17 VIII 1939). His funeral, which took place in Katowice on 20th 1939, turned into the huge patriotic manifestation. He was buried on the cemetery, known as “Śląskie Powiązki”,  in Katowice in Francuska street.